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This practice intensified after the Jewish community was expelled from Spain, and resettled in the Ottoman Empire.
Child marriages among the Eastern Sephardic Jews continued through the 18th century in Islamic majority regions.
Child marriage has widespread and long term consequences for child brides and grooms.
Child marriage is related to child betrothal, and it includes civil cohabitation and court approved early marriages after teenage pregnancy.
Such determination of sexual maturity is a matter of subjective judgment, and there is a strong belief among most Muslims and scholars, based on Sharia, that marrying a girl less than 13 years old is an acceptable practice for Muslims.
According to UNFPA, factors that promote and reinforce child marriage include poverty and economic survival strategies; gender inequality; sealing land or property deals or settling disputes; control over sexuality and protecting family honour; tradition and culture; and insecurity, particularly during war, famine or epidemics.
Poor parents may have few alternatives they can afford for the girls in the family; they often view marriage as a means to ensure their daughter's financial security and to reduce the economic burden of a growing adult on the family.
An additional factor causing child marriage is the parental belief that early marriage offers protection.
or elope causing a permanent social blemish to her siblings, or that the impoverished family may be unable to find bachelors for grown up girls in their economic social group.Providing a girl with a dowry at her marriage is an ancient practice which continues in some parts of the world.This requires parents to bestow property on the marriage of a daughter, which is often an economic challenge for many families.In some countries, the younger the bride, the higher the price she may fetch.This practice creates an economic incentive where girls are sought and married early by her family to the highest bidder.